The robot density of 150 per 10,000 employees which brings about the topics Chinese Government For Robotics Industry in this Post.
To this end, the government has been financially supporting the domestic robotic industry for the past five years, with subsidies accounting for 20 percent of China’s net profits, according to Synolink Securities.
Dai Zendong, director of the Institute of Bio-inspired Structure and Surface Engineering and Director of Robotics at Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, spoke to the Post in light of commercial war conflicts.
In 2018, China is 20th in the world in robot density. How is the current development of China’s robotic industry?
Although many robotic companies can build a variety of robots, the reliability and quality of key components need to be improved. For example, microchips used in robots depend on imports from abroad. Once the commercial conflict is over, the robotic industry will face severe pressure, as is the case with ZTE [in 2018].
This Shenzhen startup wants to bring robotic weapons to your home
Hardware production in China may not be a problem as it is huge, but the use of key components such as mechanical sensing and control algorithms is behind foreign robots.
Since most of the industry leaders are not open to third parties, Chinese companies are having trouble figuring out how to collaborate with their peers.
What is the biggest challenge for the Chinese robotic industry?
Currently, there is an additional supply of robot bodies, as all companies are flowing to make them, especially after seeing small players business opportunities, which pushes margins down. Due to low profits and tariff pressure from the current commercial war, companies are unlikely to focus on technological innovations. This is a serious problem for the industry.
To alleviate the problem and prevent “bad money” from running out of good money, individual robot manufacturers need to find and develop their own advantages in the industry, rather than compete on prices for certain types of products. The industry needs the ability to think independently.
The Chinese government subsidizes the industry, but if companies still don’t have the incentive to innovate, should they be subsidized to promote technological innovation?
Support should come mainly from the market rather than the government, because the subsidies paid by the government are not sufficient to support a company for research and development.
Relying on a government grant is unrealistic, as the development of design from product to product is a long process, and if a company can be sure of the grant’s timing and use it for technology development at the right time.
What should the government do to promote innovation in the industry?
The benefits are needed in the initial stage of an industry, but sooner or later the market will open and a free competitive environment will emerge. Without subsidies, substandard companies can be eliminated.
Many companies have joined the industry with the sole purpose of extorting subsidies from government authorities. We need to improve and perfect the financial aid system. To ensure the interests of new people, the government must improve the property protection system, or else no one will invest in technology development.
What can academics do to contribute to the industry?
Academia should collaborate with industry to design the components and the best technology. We often find that studies in universities are not related to the real needs of private industry, because the use of technology in real life is not as optimal as in research labs. At the same time, companies may not be aware of the latest innovations in technology.
I am a professor and he works in a robot design firm. When faced with challenges in a real-life environment, I treat it as a scientific problem and solve it using academic resources. On the other hand, if we make technological innovations in the lab, they can also be applied to private companies. Through such partnerships, companies can improve product quality within a short period of time.